Corporate and Workplace Investigations
For as long as there have been people, there has been crime. Certainly, in early human history, much crime would have been violent, but some less so. The first laws aimed at kerbing human venality and rage date back to around 1754 BC, with the Code of Hammurabi noting various punishments for various acts. And where there is law, there must be investigation: to establish facts and provide evidence.
Of course, there are strong links in early history, as well as in some soci- eties in the present day, between religion and crime, with notorious reli- gious investigators such as the Spanish Inquisition. Much of our modern understanding of crime and punishment, and its investigation (through Socratic debate about evidence and its surety) is traced to the writing of the Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle. The Roman Republic of course bequeathed an approach to law that remains influential to this day.
That said, it is unfortunate that the Middle Ages marked a remarkably backward step away from Roman secular law, to a rather more colourful interpretation, often based on what would now be termed religious ex- tremism. However, extremism fortunately gave way to forgiveness and compassion.